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工业大麻是指四氢大麻酚含量低于0.3%的大麻,是大麻科大麻属一年生草本植物。获准合法种植的工业麻,均是低含毒量的品种。曾一度被联合国禁毒公约列为与海洛因、可卡因并列的三大毒品之一的大麻,如今,它剜肉剔骨、去除毒性,成了全球应用广泛、颇具竞争力的新产业。它的应用至少包括食品保健品、医药、动物用品、日用品、化妆品、电子消费品、服饰、无纺布、复合材料、生物燃料等十余个领域。HEMP如今正迎来黄金发展期。单从纤维型工业大麻种植面积来看,美国工业大麻的种植面积及产量就不容小觑。HEMP种植高度抗虫;耐寒性好;深层的根系有助于保护土壤;密集的生长特征,基本免于杂草生长;生命力高于其他纤维作物。工业麻对土壤肥力反应特别敏感,无论选用哪种土壤或前茬栽培工业麻,都应重视土壤耕作措施和大量施用有机肥料,方能达到高产稳产效果。需从土壤中获得的矿物养分:氮、磷、钾、钙、镁、硫等;需从空气和水中获取非矿物元素:碳、氢、氧等;工业大麻要求土壤pH值至少在6以上;大多数种子的活力周期是1-2年,工业麻种子也不例外,所以一定要在种子的最佳活力周期进行种植。

工业麻种植的具体步骤!

春季1月底-3月中旬选地:土层深厚、保水保肥力强、土质松软肥沃、排水良好的砂质壤土为好,pH值以6-6.5微酸性为好。

轮作:与水稻、蔬菜及黄麻等作物轮作,可减少病虫,提高蓄养能力。

整地:根据具体耕种地情况而定.

施肥:工业麻3/4养分须在生育前期吸收,但苗期根系生长缓慢,吸收能力弱,应施足基肥,一般厩肥、土粪或绿肥1500—2500千克、草木灰40—50千克等。

播种:选择纯净饱满,充实完整,无病虫害,大小均匀,色泽新鲜,发芽率高,小粒种及大粒种的千粒重应分别在20克和25克以上,发芽率95%以上,含杂率不多于5%。播前用清水漂洗种子,后浸水2-3天,取出曝晒1天,再行播种。

夏季8月底-9月中旬工业麻耕种时期,具体步骤为间苗、定苗、补苗中耕、施肥、培土、灌溉和排水等事宜。在此期间应注意防止风灾、病虫防治等工作。

注:工业麻生长期间因茎秆高大,易遭风灾,为此,应采取精细整地,培育壮苗,晚灌头水,轻灌勤灌;适量追氮,增加磷钾肥等措施。

收获标准:麻株中下部叶片脱落,茎叶呈黄白色,上部茎叶黄绿色或在雄花盛开、雌花结有小果时进行。

注意:要成熟期不同分次收获。

提醒:以上内容主要传达工业麻耕种的具体步骤及注意事项等问题,耕种详细月份等问题需根据当地实际气候情况而定。

Industrial cannabis refers to cannabis which is an annual herb of cannabis with a content of less than 0.3% of tetrahydrocannabinol. Industrial hemps approved for legal cultivation are low-toxic varieties. Marijuana, once listed by the United Nations Anti-Drug Convention as one of the top three drugs alongside heroin and cocaine, is now got detoxed and become a widely used and competitive new industry in the world. Its applications include at least food and health products, medicine, animal supplies, daily necessities, cosmetics, electronics consumptions, clothing, nonwovens, composite materials, biofuels and so on more than ten fields. HEMP is now in the prime. Considering of the cultivation area of fiber-type industrial cannabis alone, the yield of industrial cannabis in the United States should not be underestimated. HEMP is highly insect resistant; cold resistance is good; deep roots help protect the soil; dense growth characteristics can easily avoid the weed growth; and vitality is higher than that of other fiber crops. Industrial hemp is especially sensitive to soil fertility response, no matter which soil is chosen or the pre-cultivation of industrial hemp, we should pay attention to soil farming measures and a large number of application of organic fertilizer, in order to achieve high yield and stable yield. Mineral nutrients that need to be obtained from the soil: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, etc. Non-mineral elements that need to be obtained from air and water: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, etc. Industrial hemp requires soil pH of at least 6 or more; most seeds have a vitality cycle of 1-2 years, and industrial hemp seeds have no exception, so it is important to plant them during the optimal vitality cycle of the seeds.

Specific steps for industrial hemp cultivation!

The end of January to mid-March spring selection: deep soil layer, strong water conservation and fertility, soil soft fertility, good drainage of sandy soil may be the top choice, pH to 6-6.5 as better. Rotation: rotating with crops such as rice, vegetables and jute can reduce disease and insect scare and improve its ability to grow.

Land preparation: Depending on the specific conditions of land.

Fertilization: 3/4 nutrients must be absorbed before blooming, but the seedling root system growth is slow, weak absorption capacity, so we should apply enough based fertilizer, general manure, soil manure or green manure 1500-2500kg, grass ash 40-50 kg and so on.

Sowing: choose pure and filled, full and complete, no pests and diseases, uniform size, color fresh, high germination rate, small grain species and large grain species of the thousand grain weight should be more than 20 grams and 25 grams respectively, germination rate of more than 95%, including not more than 5% impurities. Rinse the seeds with water before sowing, soak the seeds for 2-3 days, remove the seeds and exposure for 1 day, and then sowing.

The end of August to mid-September of the summer industrial hemp cultivation, the specific steps are sowing, fertilization, soil cultivation, irrigation, drainage and so on. During this period, attention should be paid to prevent wind disasters, disease and insect control and other work.

Note: During the long growth period of industry hemp, it is easy to be affected by wind disaster due to the tall stalks. For this reason, we should take fine whole land, cultivate strong seedlings, the first irrigation needs to be in the evening, small amount irrigation with high frequency, increase potassium phosphate fertilizer and other measures.

Harvest criteria:  When the lower leaves of the hemp plant fall off, the stems and leaves are yellowish-white, the upper stem leaves are yellow-green or when the male flowers are in full bloom, the female flowers have small fruit.

Note: Different harvests for maturity.

Reminder: The above content mainly conveys the specific steps and precautions of industrial hemp cultivation and other issues, the specific time of cultivation and other issues need to be determined according to the actual local climate conditions.